The red wolf is one of the world’s most endangered wolves. Once common throughout Eastern and Southern Central United States, red wolf populations were decimated by the early 20th century as a result of intensive predator control programs and the degradation and alteration of the species habitat. When the red wolf was designated endangered in 1967, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service initiated efforts to conserve and recover the species. Today about 40 red wolves roam their native habitats in eastern North Carolina as a non-essential population (NEP) and more than 200 red wolves are maintained in captive breeding facilities throughout the United States.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service